One price doesn’t fit all — Making sense of valuation discounts
Abstract: Valuation is based on the specific facts and circumstances of a situation. If the controlling interest and all the minority interests are valued separately, they may add up to more or less than what could be received if the company were sold as a whole. This article discusses the types of valuation discounts that may affect value, including minority interest and lack of marketability discounts. It explains the importance of the degree of control represented by a block of stock and uses a hypothetical case study to illustrate the way discounts actually work in the real world. The article points out that a qualified appraiser can find well-supported discounts that will withstand IRS scrutiny.